Avantama N-21X

Avantama N-21X is a lower work function nanoparticle solution with an extensive range of both functionality and market applicability. Dispersed in a mixture of alcohols, these aluminum-doped zinc oxide (Al:ZnO) nanoparticles are compatible with silver nanowires and Perovskite absorbers, facilitating normal use of the most advanced printed electronics architectures.

If your application requires a nanoparticle solution with a high work function, consider Avantama N-20X-Flex. We also offer Avantama N-10 which offers a lower conductivity. We are prepared to tailor make unique solutions to your specifications. Simply contact us to find out more.

Electron Injection low work function
Electron transport material featuring:
  • Low work function
  • Enhanced electrical conductivity
  • No post-treatment needed
  • Low surface roughness
  • Compatible with silver nanowires
  • Compatible with Perovskite absorbers
  • Long shelf life
  • No damage to absorber/emitter (normal architecture)
  • Available with higher work function
Product Number 8046

Al:ZnO (3.15 mol% Al)

Particle size (nm)


Work function (eV)


Concentration (wt%)



Mixture of alcohols

Viscosity (cP)


Application Methods
  • Spin coating / Doctor blading
  • Slot die
  • Electron injection
  • Electron transport
  • Hole blocking
  • Charge recombination
  • OLED
  • OPV
  • Perovskite PV
  • QLED
  • Printed photodetectors

Costs and delivery

  • Shipping by FedEx courier service only
  • Costs depend on country and shipping weight
  • Delivery time
    • Europe: 1–2 weeks
    • Worldwide: 1–3 weeks
  • Payment by Credit Card, PayPal or direct wire transfer
  • Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer's responsibility.

More information

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